Jan 2 Karachi municipality granted Metropolitan status
Apr 8 Sirdari system in Baluchistan abolished
Mar Managing Director Mr. Aslam Azhar leaves PTV after fallout with Bhutto
May 12-14 Pak, Indian foreign ministers agree to re-open land route
May 18 Sadequain exhibition at the Punjab Arts Council, Lahore, opens amidts furore from religious right; 5,000 people visit show
May 26-30 PM Bhutto visits China to gain support for constructing 8 military munitions and 5 civilian factories
Jun 12 Punjab Arts Council, showing Sadequain's work, bombed; exhibit closed
Jun 23 Train service between Pakistan, India announced: Samjhota Express; land route to reopen after nearly five years
Jul 22 Samjhota Express between Pakistan, India commences
Jul 31 Engineering Research Laboratories in Rawalpindi inaugurated; to be run by Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan
Aug 5 Port Qasim foundation stone laid by PM Bhutto, 35 miles from Karachi
Oct 10 Javed Miandad scores 166 in test debut against New Zealand at Lahore
Oct 30 Majid Khan completes his century in pre-lunch session on 1st day of test against New Zealand at Karachi; in same test, Javed Miandad becomes youngest double centurion in test cricket
March General Ziaul Haq (seen here behind President Fazal Ilahi and Prime Minister Bhutto) has been appointed Chief of the Army Staff to replace outgoing Tikka Khan.
The appointment is seen as unusual, since Zia superceded 8 seniors (who must now retire). This through special intervention of Prime Minister Bhutto, who has apparently beginning to find the ever smiling and humble Ziaul Haq useful.
Atomic reprocessing plant
March 18 Pakistan, France sign deal to start construction of Atomic Reprocessing Plant in accordance with earlier understanding of 18 Oct 1974
The state of economy
While the public sector enterprises have created a strong base for future large-scale industrialisation, mass nationalisation of big business seems to have broken down the confidence of the private sector and crippled its performance. The overall economic policy of the Bhutto years seems to be characterised by regulation, subsidies and mismanagement.
July 15 The Prime Minister has announced nationalisation of all privately owned cotton-ginning, paddy-husking and flour-milling units. Referring to his earlier promise that there would be no more nationalisation, the PM claimed that "the units which have come under the state control do not belong to the industrial sector they are an integral part of our agricultural economy."
Leader of the Third World?
Bhutto has launched invitations to a number of the Third World countries for a Third World Summit he proposes to hold soon at the beginning of his anticipated second tenure as the Prime Minister.
January 1. Prime Minister Bhutto inaugurates the Quaid Centenary celebrations today, as the year marks the 100th Birth Centenary of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the founder of the nation.
Quaid-i-Azam Academy, headed by Professor Sharif al Mujahid, is taking a lead in producing memorabilia and publications about Jinnah.
Pakistan has signed the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (1971), popularly known as Ramsar Convention, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (1973), popularly known as CITES.
Keeping the commitments implied by these conventions is another story, however. It seems that in the absence of a general environmental conscience the country will require a strong pressure group from volunteer organizations to act as watchdogs over the government. With the exception of the World Wildlife Fund Pakistan, such pressure groups do not exist in the country yet.
On a note of optimism, there is the recently formed division of Environment and Urban Affairs (EUAD) in the Ministry of Housing and Works. How effective a role it plays in the conservation of natural resources of the country is something only time can tell.
First Balochi film, Hamalo Mah Gunj, could not be released as an angry mob in Quetta burns down cinema hall
Falling off the mountain
Javed Jabbar's Beyond the Last Mountain, released December 2, is Pakistans first venture into English film making and seems destined to be its last.
The film as well as its Urdu version, Musafir, have flopped at the box office. Produced and directed by Javed Jabbar; music by Sohail Rana; starring Usman Peerzada, Zahoor Ahmad, Subhani Bayounus, Raja Jameel.
The video cassette player, or VCR, is making its mark all over the country. There are no laws regulating its import, making the VCR illegal. The films most popular on the video circuit are Indian blockbuster such as Sholay, and also classics such as Mughal-e-Azam. It is not uncommon for an entire neighbourhood to contribute towards the video and player rental, and then watch it together crammed in one drawing room, hoping against all hopes that the local police do not get wind of the proceedings. Among the elite, open air showings of Indian movies are not uncommon.
PTV Serial Parchhaian, adapted from Portrait Of A Lady, is making waves with charismatic actors Sahira Kazmi, Rahat Kazmi (both seen here) and Talat Husain