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The Chronicle of Pakistan
Compiled by Khurram Ali Shafique
with special thanks to Aqeel Abbas Jafferi
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Jan 21 Pakistan Islamic Front dissolved

Jan 21 Attack on a Shia mosque in district Muzaffargarh leaves 6 dead and 20 injured

Feb 5 One killed and 7 are injured when a grenade is lobbed into a Sunni mosque in a village near Multan

Mar 25 Pakistan win Champions Trophy hockey tournament after 16 years, at Lahore under Shahbaz Ahmad

Apr Scandal erupts over how Mehran Bank was used to bankroll politicians, rig an election and siphon off billions of rupees to Yunus Habib and his backers

Apr 8 Stunt motorcyclist Kamran Saeed was killed today when his motorcycle landed 2 cars short of the wooden platform while attempting to jump over 25 vehicles before an audience of 15,000 at Lahore's Qaddafi Stadium

Apr 14 Explosion causes extensive damage to Muzaffargarh Thermal Power Project, scheduled to be opened on May 19

Nov Shia militant group Sipah-e-Mohammad emerges in Punjab

Nov 26 Mohammad Yousuf becomes world amateur snooker champion at Johannesburg

Dec 29 Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital inaugurated


Nazrul Islam: film director (Jan 11)

Prof Ahmed Ali: novelist (Jan 14)

Ghulam Fareed Sabri: qawwal (Apr 5)

Saleemuz Zaman Siddiqui: scientist (Apr 14)

Dildar Parvez Bhatti: TV compere (Oct 30)

Baba Chishti: composer (Dec 25)

Parveen Shakir (right): (poet, civil servant (Dec 26)



October Taliban movement makes sudden and forceful entry on to Afghan scene; madrassah students form Pakistan said to be involved


September 11 Opposition launches Tehrik-e-Nijat against PPP government

Insurgency in Malakand

November Maulvi Soofi Mohammad, leader of the Tehrik-e-Nizaf-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM), has launched a violent campaign in Malakand for the enforcement of Shariah. Within one day it had become an insurgency, with the group's flag fluttering atop most government buildings from Mingora to Matta, and Khwazakhela to Ammandarra. More than 20 people were killed, nearly half from amongst the security forces.

Shariat promulgated

December PATA Nifaz-e-Shariat Regulation introduced, extending Pakistani law with some modification to Malakand division

Dish party

Januray 15 Taking a cue form the growing popularity of foreign satellite channels such as Zee and Star Plus, which have eroded local TV's viewership in the cities, Pakistan Television has also decided to turn to the dish. PTV-2, the educational channel, has been beaming down from AsiaSat 1 since November, 1992, but from today PTV's regular evening transmission will also be available to viewers throughout Asia. And maybe more Pakistanis will now watch it too while surfing the dish.

The right to life redefined

"The word life has not been defined in the Constitution but it does not mean nor can it be restricted only to the vegetative or animal life or mere existence from conception to death," reads the Supreme Court judgement on Shehla Zia vs. WAPDA, a public interest litigation. The judgment sets out two important precedents. Firstly, it expands the meaning the life as contained in the Article 9 of the Constitution to include "all such amenities and facilities which a person in a free country is entitled to enjoy with dignity, legally and constitutionally." Secondly, it establishes the principle that a hazard to such rights can be prevented through precautionary action.

Schoolbus hijacked

February 20 School bus hijacked by Afghan terrorists in Peshawar and 74 passengers, mostly schoolboys, taken hostage; hijackers demand food convoys be sent to Afghanistan School bus hijacked by Afghan terrorists in Peshawar and 74 passengers, mostly schoolboys, taken hostage; hijackers demand food convoys be sent to Afghanistan

Schoolbus freed after commando action

February 21 Schoolboys held hostage by Afghan hijackers are freed after commando action that leaves 3 hijackers dead

The show goes on

The political theatre movement, at its peak during the martial law era, is being increasingly upsategd by popular productions, Groups such as Ajoka, Lok Rehas and others in Lahore have converted but it is the Al-Hamra and Tamaseel, with their bawdy slapstick fare, that really draw in the crowds. In Karachi, despite exceptions such as Tehrik-I-Niswan, Baang and Dastak, stage shows featuring Omar Sharif and other low-brow acts attract huge audiences. Meanwhile Theatrewalay, Sohail Malik and Gripps attempt to tread the middle way.

Muslim vs. Muslim

March Sectarian violence erupts in districts Multan and Muzaffargarh as well as other parts of the Punjab. Bloody clashes between militants belonging to the two main parties, the Sunni Sipahe Sahaba and Shia Tehrik Nifaz-e-Fiqh Jafria (TNFJ), have left a bloody trail across the province.

Express way

August 24 The inimitable Wasim Akram captures 252nd wicket in one-day internationals, a world record, while playing against Sri Lanka in Colombo.

World beaters

November Led by the mercurial Shahbaz Ahmed, Pakistan win hockey World Cup after 12 years at Sydney

The last stand

December Mohammad Salahuddin, outspoken editor of weekly Takbeer, is assassinated outside his office. The snipers could not be identified but Takbeer points its finger at the MQM.

Songs remembered

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